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George Edmund Butler, Major General Sir Andrew H Russell, KCB, KCMG, CB, 1920

Ref: AAAC 898 NCWA 543

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Major General Sir Andrew Hamilton Russell, KCB, KCMG, CB (1868-1960), was born in Napier but educated in the United Kingdom and attended the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. He served in India as a junior officer with the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment. Russell eventually returned to New Zealand and formed and commanded the Hawkes Bay Mounted Rifle Volunteers in 1900. Holding the rank of major in the New Zealand Militia by 1911, he was given command of the 4th Regiment, Wellington (East Coast) Mounted Rifle Volunteers and later commanded the 2nd (Wellington) Mounted Rifles Brigade.

Russell was given command of the New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade on the formation of New Zealand Expeditionary Force, and sailed with the Main Body on 16 October 1914. At Gallipoli he was responsible for some of the ANZAC defences. In November 1915 he was given command of the New Zealand and Australia Division, which became the New Zealand Division (when the Australian Division was separated) in May 1916, which he led through to the end of World War I. After the war Russell was president of the Returned Services Association (1921-1924; 1926-1935), and served as an honorary colonel of the Wellington Regiment and the Wellington (East Coast) Mounted Rifles. He was made a Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George in 1915, Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath in 1916 and a Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath in 1917.

Oil, 1020 x 820mm
Gallipoli; Western Front; Battle of the Somme; Battle of Messines; Battle of Passchendaele/Third Battle of Ypres

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